Turkeys are domesticated birds that are commonly raised for meat and eggs.
They are social creatures that love to roam around and forage for food.
However, to keep them safe from predators and provide them with a conducive environment for growth and development, it is essential to provide them with a coop.
A turkey coop is a secure structure that provides a comfortable and safe home for turkeys.
Why Turkeys Need a Coop
Turkeys are susceptible to predators such as foxes, raccoons, and coyotes.
A turkey coop provides them with a secure place to roost at night and protects them from these predators.
Coops also protect them from harsh weather conditions, including rain, wind, and extreme temperatures.
In addition, turkeys need a clean and hygienic environment to thrive.
A coop provides Turkeys with a space that can be kept clean, dry, and free from harmful parasites.
The table chart below provides some dimensions for each type of coop:
|Dimensions (L x W x H)
|Number of Turkeys
|4 x 4 x 6 feet
|10 x 12 x 7 feet
|8 x 12 x 8 feet
Types of Turkey Coops
Here are some of the common and easy-to-build Turkey coops:
1). A-Frame Coops
A-frame coops are shaped like an A and are easy to build and move.
They are suitable for small flocks of turkeys and can accommodate 2-4 turkeys comfortably.
A-frame coops are constructed with basic materials such as lumber, wire mesh, and roofing materials. The dimensions of an A-frame coop for turkeys are typically 4 x 4 x 6 feet.
To build an A-frame coop, you will need to start by constructing the base. Use sturdy lumber to build a rectangular frame and attach four legs to elevate it off the ground.
Once the base is complete, construct the frame of the coop.
Use two-by-fours to build the frame, ensuring that it is sturdy and level.
Cover the frame with wire mesh to prevent predators from entering the coop. Next, add a roof to protect the turkeys from rain and wind.
2). Hoop Coops
Hoop coops are made from PVC pipes and plastic sheeting and can be moved around the yard.
They are suitable for larger flocks of turkeys and can accommodate 10-15 turkeys comfortably.
Hoop coops are lightweight and can be constructed with inexpensive materials. The dimensions of a hoop coop for turkeys are typically 10 x 12 x 7 feet.
To build a hoop coop, start by constructing the base using lumber and attaching PVC pipes to create the frame.
Use plastic sheeting to cover the frame, creating an arched structure. Add wire mesh around the base of the hoop coop to prevent predators from entering the coop. Add a door for easy access to the coop.
3). Stationary Coops
Stationary coops are larger and more permanent structures that provide turkeys with more space to roam around.
They are suitable for larger flocks of turkeys and can accommodate 6-8 turkeys comfortably.
Stationary coops are constructed with more durable materials such as lumber, roofing materials, and wire mesh.
The dimensions of a stationary coop for turkeys are typically 8 x 12 x 8 feet.
To build a stationary coop, start by constructing the base using the lumber and attach legs to elevate it off the ground.
Use lumber to construct the frame of the coop, ensuring that it is sturdy and level.
Add wire mesh around the frame to prevent predators from entering the coop. Install a roof to protect the turkeys from rain and wind.
Add a door for easy access to the coop, and add roosting bars and nesting boxes inside the coop for the turkeys to roost and lay eggs.
How to Build a Turkey Coop (Step by Step)
Building a turkey coop can be a fun and rewarding project. Here are the steps to follow to build a basic turkey coop:
- Plan the Coop Layout and Dimensions: Start by planning the coop layout and dimensions. Determine the number of turkeys you plan to keep and choose the type of coop that suits your needs. Ensure that there is enough space for the turkeys to move around and roost comfortably.
- Gather the Materials: Next, gather the materials required to build the coop. You will need lumber, nails, wire mesh, roofing materials, and any other materials required for the specific type of coop you plan to build.
- Build the Base of the Coop: Build the base of the coop using sturdy lumber and attach legs to elevate it off the ground. The base should be slightly larger than the dimensions of the coop.
- Build the Frame of the Coop: Construct the frame of the coop using two-by-fours or four-by-fours, ensuring that it is sturdy and level. The frame should be slightly smaller than the base.
- Install Wire Mesh: Attach wire mesh around the frame of the coop to prevent predators from entering the coop. Ensure that the mesh is securely attached to the frame.
- Install the Roof: Get the roof installed using roofing materials such as shingles or metal roofing. Ensure that the roof is sloped to allow rain and snow to run off.
- Install Doors and Windows: Install doors for easy access to the coop and windows to allow ventilation. Ensure that the doors and windows can be securely closed to keep the turkeys safe.
- Add Roosting Bars and Nesting Boxes: Add roosting bars and nesting boxes inside the coop for the turkeys to roost and lay eggs. Ensure that there is enough space for each turkey to roost comfortably.
- Add Feeders and Waterers: Add feeders and waterers inside the coop to provide the turkeys with food and water.
- Add Bedding Material: Add bedding material such as straw or wood shavings to the floor of the coop to keep the turkeys comfortable and dry.
- Test the Coop: Test the coop to ensure that it is safe and secure for the turkeys. Make any necessary adjustments before adding the turkeys to the coop.
Maintaining a Turkey Coop
Maintaining a turkey coop is essential to keep it clean and hygienic for the turkeys. Regularly clean the coop and remove any debris, food waste, or feces.
Disinfect the coop periodically to prevent the spread of harmful parasites and bacteria.
Ensure that the coop is well-ventilated to prevent the buildup of harmful gases.
Check the coop for any signs of damage and repair it promptly.
Building a turkey coop can be a fun and rewarding project for anyone interested in raising turkeys.
The type of coop you choose will depend on the number of turkeys you plan to keep and the space you have available.
A well-built turkey coop will provide your turkeys with a safe and comfortable place to live and thrive.
With a little bit of planning and effort, you can build a turkey coop that will meet your turkeys’ needs and keep them happy and healthy.