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Succulent Plants: Growing and Caring for Succulent Plants for Beginners

Succulent Plants

Succulent plants have quickly become popular due to their unique shapes, low care requirements and ability to thrive in various environments. Succulents make an excellent addition to any collection or simply as starter plants – let’s dive in! In this blog we’ll look at reasons for drying out or blackening of succulents; how to water frequently; care techniques recommended by growers/care experts for them as well as popular varieties, ideal soil conditions for each succulent plants type, helpful care tips & tricks and helpful beginner advice – let’s jump right in! Let’s dive in!

Why Succulents Dry Out or Blacken

Although succulent plants are known for storing water within their leaves, stems, and roots, they still can experience issues resulting in them drying out or blackening under certain circumstances. Overwatering, poor drainage, limited sunlight exposure or temperature extremes as well as certain diseases or pests may contribute to blackening succulents over time – maintaining an appropriate watering schedule along with providing them with enough sunlight exposure and proper care will help avoid this from occurring.

Watering Frequency and Techniques

Succulent plants have different water requirements compared to other houseplants; generally speaking it’s best to water less frequently than you might anticipate depending on species, pot size and environmental conditions. Instead of following an exact schedule when watering succulents it is recommended that instead you check moisture levels of soil periodically as this allows soil to dry completely between watering sessions as well as ensure the pot has sufficient drainage holes so excess moisture doesn’t build up within its boundaries.

Also Read: The Beautiful Wandering Jew Plant

How to Water Succulents

Watering succulent plants correctly is key for avoiding waterlogging and root rot, here are a few techniques for watering succulents:

  •  Soak and Dry technique – Water the soil until saturated before allowing access to drain away freely.
  • To prevent water rotting or fungal growth, direct it at the base of the plant instead of spraying directly on its leaves.
  • Choose a well-draining soil mix: A mix combining regular potting soil, perlite and coarse sand is optimally draining for succulents.

Chemical Sprays

Succulents typically do not need chemical sprays; however, should any signs of mealybugs or aphids arise, organic solutions like neem oil or insecticidal soap may provide effective pest control methods. Always read and abide by any instructions on the label of these products when spraying to avoid causing damage; test spray on small areas first to make sure no irreparable harm comes to the plant.

Recommended Ways to Grow Succulents

Ways to Grow Succulents
  •  Propagation: Succulents can be propagated using various techniques such as stem cuttings, leaf cuttings or offsets. Each requires specific knowledge but all are relatively straightforward for novice growers to utilise and experiment with.
  • Container Gardening: Gardening succulents in containers provides greater control and flexibility over their growth conditions, such as selecting one with proper drainage, using well-draining soil, and selecting an ideal container size to suit each species of succulent.
  •  Indoor/Outdoor Cacti: Cacti can be grown both indoors and out; when choosing where to plant them, pay special attention to light levels and temperatures as each succulent species requires specific lighting/temperature conditions for growth.

Also Read: Growing a Bromeliad: A Guide to Bromeliad Plant Care

Types of Succulent Plants

Succulent plants come in an assortment of sizes and forms; popular species of succulents include:

Aloe Vera (Aloe barbadensis miller)

Aloe Vera is an iconic succulent known for its thick fleshy leaves that contain an inner gel-filled core, making this plant highly valued as medicinal treatment for skin ailments or health-related needs. Aloe Vera leaves are prized as medicinal remedies used for skincare or healing applications.

Aloe Vera


Echeverias are an assortment of rosette-shaped succulents which come in an array of colours, sizes and textures. Popular among gardeners for their symmetrical leaf arrangements; often featured as centrepieces in arrangements made up of succulents or used alone as potted plants in arrangements and gardens as centrepieces or potted plants, Echeverias can frequently be seen throughout these spaces.

Sempervivums (Hens and Chicks)

Sempervivums are low-growing succulents commonly referred to as Hens and Chicks due to the formation of low-lying rosettes in clusters resembling small rosettes around them (hence their moniker “Hens and Chicks”). Due to a larger main rosette known as “Hen”, which produces numerous smaller ones around it (Chicks), Sempervivums can withstand harsh environmental conditions with ease!


Crassula (Jade Plants)

Jade plants are classic succulents known for their thick, fleshy leaves and tree-like appearance, prized as an heirloom plant from generation to generation. With easy care needs indoors and outdoors alike, jade plants thrive for many years with proper attention from caretakers.


Sedums are remarkable succulent plants with unique shapes, sizes and colours that flourish even under poor soil conditions. Perfect as ground covers in rock gardens as well as container arrangements – Sedums provide versatility!



Haworthias are small succulent plants native to South Africa with distinctive, rosette-shaped leaves showcasing unique patterns or markings, making them great houseplant choices due to their compact sizes and minimal care requirements. Their compact nature means they fit well in smaller living spaces while boasting big on visual impact!


Agaves are stunning succulents characterised by striking sword-shaped leaves arranged into rosettes to form striking appearance and drought tolerance, making for striking additions to desert environments or as stunning focal points or accents for landscape designs.



Kalanchoes are flowering succulents renowned for producing vibrant clusters of blossoms with thick, fleshy leaves that make attractive houseplants or outdoor ornamentals. Once established, care of Kalanchoes should be relatively straightforward – once established they should bloom repeatedly when provided the necessary attention and tending.


Gasterias are small succulents known for their thick tongue-shaped leaves with rough textures, making for striking leaf patterns and beautiful colours that add an eye-catching element to succulent collections.



Cacti are succulent plants which stand out for having spines or thorns on their stems, typically seen in desert environments. Their varied shapes and sizes help adapt well to these extreme environments; moreover, their striking visual presence often acts as the centrepiece in gardens or collections containing these unique succulents.

Also Read: Spider Plant Care: Keeping Your Green Pal Thriving

Ideal Soil Conditions

Ideal Soil Conditions

Succulents thrive when planted in well-draining soil conditions. A mixture of regular potting soil, perlite and coarse sand typically works best, allowing excess moisture to pass freely through and prevent root rot from taking hold in excess moisture retention areas of the soil.

Growth Duration

The time it takes succulents to reach full maturity depends on both species and environmental conditions, though in general they have a relatively slow rate of development when compared with other plants. Therefore, patience must be shown while providing them with appropriate care in order to promote optimal development and ensure healthy growth.


Succulents are stunning plants with relatively easy care requirements that make them great choices for both novice gardeners and more seasoned ones alike. By understanding their specific watering techniques, lighting needs, soil types and growing requirements you can help your succulents flourish and add beauty to any home or garden space. Be sure to regularly inspect them, provide adequate sunlight and well-draining soil conditions; consult specific care guidelines for each species to guarantee its success and have fun growing succulents! Happy succulent growing!


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